What is environment

Environment is the surrounding to which living or non-living forms are exposed to keeping the human features to a minimum. The air we breathe, the water we consume the eco system we live in. All constitute the environment. Clean environment is very much necessary for a healthy and prosperous society. The vegetation, aquatic life, all living species including humans are deeply affected by the condition of the environment they live in. Hence it is evident beyond doubt that a clean environment is very much necessary for a healthy eco system.

Why is a Clean Environment Necessary

A clean environment is very important for a health and prosperity of a society and a Nation as whole. It is one of the basic requirements for the presence of life on Earth. Here are some points describing why clean environment is necessary for us:

Any living species including plants, animals, humans and aquatic life cannot survive amid waste.
They all need a healthy and clean environment to live.
An unclean environment gives way to diseases and an unbalanced eco system and much more.
Unclean environment results in the depletion of natural resources making survival of all living forms.
Very difficult. A society that consumes polluted water or breathes in polluted air cannot be healthy and prosperous. Polluted environment has an adverse effect on the eco system and also the vegetation.

Causes of Environmental Damage/ Environmental Pollution

Damage to the environment by Human activities such as industrialization, deforestation, urbanization etc greatly adds to the environmental pollution.

A lot is being said and heard these days about the need for a clean environment and the steps that must be taken for the reduction of environmental pollution and to give way to a clean and healthy eco-system. Some of the prime factors leading to a damaged environment are narrated below-

Expulsion of Harmful Gases

Gases such as CO2 (Carbon di-oxide), CO (Carbon mono oxide), NH3 (Ammonia) do a considerable amount of damage to the environment.

Human activities like burning of fossil fuel, cement production etc results in the emission of CO2 gas. On the other hand the major source of NH3 emission is the agriculture sector, where ammonia based fertilizers are used. NH3 plays a significant role in the production of Atmospheric Particulate Matter (APM), depleting the quality index of breathable air.


Man’s insatiable desires to expand his wealth and boundaries have lead to unreasonable deforestation. One of the major effects of deforestation is the increase in the level of the environmental CO2. Cutting down forest add more to the global warming than the factors like cars and trucks combined. Deforestation results in global climate changes and a depletion in bio diversity.


Increase in industrial activity particularly mining industry adds to the environmental pollution. Mining industry results in the emission if RPM (Respirable Particulate matter). Into the atmosphere RPM are the particulate matter present in the environment that can travel to our lungs as we breathe, affecting our respiratory system, also results in aggravation of diseases like asthma etc and decreasing the efficiency of lungs.


Transportation results in burning of petroleum fuel worldwide, resulting in the emission of harmful gases such as Carbon dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4) and Nitrous Oxide (N2O). Researchers have shown that on road vehicles contribute to one third of the air pollution that produces smog and results in the emission of greenhouse gases.

Secondary Pollutants

Ozone layer is responsible for the protection of earth species from strong ultra violet radiations from Sun, which could result in deadly disorders like skin cancer, cataract and a reduction in the immune system.

Various human activities such as use of unchecked Air Conditioners, pesticides etc results in the emission of ODS (Ozone Depleting Substances) also known as secondary pollutants, which results in the holes into the ozone layer exposing living beings to harmful UV rays from the sun.

Steps to a Clean Environment

Necessary steps must be taken to clean the environment and prevent any further damage to it. Following are some important points to the preservation of a clean environment:

Make Environment Friendly Policies

Environment friendly policies are in a lay man’s term the guidelines for industrial or infrastructural development that claim reduced or minimal effect on the environment. A government while making political decisions for the growth of industries and urbanization should consider its impact on the environment and take necessary steps to minimize it.

Plant a Tree

A society and an individual should take active part in adding to a clean and healthy environment by pledging to plant a tree in the surroundings every weekends or on off days.

Reduce your Electricity Usage

Using too much of electricity increases its demand which results in increased production of electricity consequently resulting in more burning of fuel, usage of water and emission of tons of CO2 gas in the environment, leading to global warming. Usage of renewable energy sources like wind and water etc instead of conventional sources results in the reduction of environmental pollution.

Go Paperless

Reduce the use of paper in your work place. A decreased demand for paper will reduce cutting of trees. Spread awareness among your colleagues and fellow students or society about the importance of trees and their contribution towards a clean air and how we can help in their preservation by reducing the usage of paper in our offices, schools, hospitals and other establishments.

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